Canada must recover its leading role in working for the elimination of nuclear weapons, a role that has been cast into doubt under the Harper government. That was the dominant finding for the sponsors of a special seminar of 20 nuclear disarmament experts held February 3-4, 2008 in Ottawa.
The seminar was co-sponsored by six leading groups: the Middle Powers Initiative, Canadian Network to Abolish Nuclear Weapons, the Rideau Institute, the Simons Foundation, Canadian Pugwash Group and Physicians for Global Survival — all of which have endorsed this statement.
The seminar considered the new report of Canada World’s Poll, principally sponsored by The Simons Foundation, showing that 88 percent of Canadians think nuclear weapons make the world a more dangerous place and would support the elimination of nuclear weapons through an enforceable agreement. Special attention was paid to the incoherence and contradiction between Canada supporting the “unequivocal undertaking” to the total elimination of nuclear weapons required by the Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) and Canada’s continued allegiance to NATO’s policies stating that nuclear weapons are “essential.”
Concern was expressed during the seminar that NATO’s policies for the retention of nuclear weapons are now trumping the NPT’s legal obligations for nuclear disarmament. The government’s own website, stating that Canada’s nuclear policy now must be consistent with NATO’s policies, calls into question whether the NPT is still the central instrument in which Canada’s nuclear non-proliferation and disarmament policy is rooted. A strong call was made for Canada to work with Germany and Norway in their current efforts to overhaul NATO’s outdated policies, particularly as set out in its Strategic Concept, for retention of nuclear weapons.
Having heard the testimony and discussion of the experts at the seminar, and with a view to the preparations underway for the 2010 Review conference of the NPT, the sponsors of the seminar have set out this urgent agenda:
Prime Minister Harper must unambiguously affirm the goal of a world free of nuclear weapons. In that call, he would be joining senior American figures Henry Kissinger, William Perry, George Shultz, and Sam Nunn who in January issued that call a second time, joined by Mikhail Gorbachev, Madeleine Albright, Colin Powell and a growing list of global leaders.
That assertion by the Prime Minister must in turn be coupled with a re-energized Canadian diplomacy to produce action on priority, actionable, and universally agreed steps toward nuclear elimination, such as:
• De-alerting all deployed weapons to remove the threat of accidental annihilation,
• Entry into force of the comprehensive ban on testing nuclear weapons (CTBT),
• A ban on production of fissile material for weapons purposes (FMT), and
• Substantial, irreversible, and verified reductions to existing arsenals.
Canada must work for a review of NATO nuclear policy to reject the fiction that nuclear weapons “preserve peace.” Canada should press NATO to revise its Strategic Concept to acknowledge that nuclear weapons pose an unacceptable risk to humanity, and that their early elimination is essential to human security. To move from words to action, NATO should be challenged to remove, and dismantle, all US tactical nuclear weapons from the territories of non-nuclear weapon states of the alliance and to call on Russia to reciprocate with cuts to its arsenal of tactical weapons as a step toward complete nuclear disarmament.
India, Israel, and Pakistan must be integrated into the disarmament and non-proliferation mainstream. To that end, Canada should continue to call on all three to honor the repeated demands of the international community “to accede to [the NPT] as non-nuclear-weapon States promptly and without conditions.” Until India signs the NPT, Canada should also insist that any proposed civilian nuclear cooperation with India be contingent on India taking clear and irreversible steps toward disarmament, including
ratification of the CTBT, a verifiable freeze on its production of fissile materials for weapons purposes, and formal acceptance of the disarmament obligations set out in Article VI of the NPT.
Canada must also be energetic in non-proliferation efforts, especially since Canada is a prominent supplier of uranium and technologies for the peaceful uses of nuclear energy. In the context of increasing demand for energy and the spread of nuclear technology, Canada should be a leader in the pursuit of multilateral control over all weapons-sensitive elements of the nuclear fuel cycle.
Canada should also mobilize political and diplomatic resources to continue efforts to enhance the NPT¹s administrative, diplomatic, and enforcement mechanisms so that NPT states can more effecvely address non-compliance issues.
The seminar recognized that a world facing rapidly advancing climate change and an extraordinary array of additional challenges energy deficits, burgeoning pollution, acute water shortages, unrelenting hunger, grossly inadequate health services, and chronic armed conflict should not also be burdened with the continuing threat of nuclear annihilation.
In the face of cumulative and deeply consequential environmental damage, the human community is awakening to the reality that the earth is a delicate, fragile home. Each generation has a sacred duty to nurture the planet and to care for its people. It is a duty that is violated and dishonored by the maintenance of arsenals to assault, or even to threaten, the earth and its people with the almost limitless destructive power of nuclear weapons. Responsible stewardship of the earth requires no less than the permanent elimination of nuclear weapons, and Canada¹s place should be clearly in the vanguard of this inescapable struggle.
Read the report on the seminar
Contacts for sponsoring groups:
Middle Powers Initiative, The Hon. Douglas Roche O.C., Chairperson
Email: email@example.com Phone: (780) 466-8072
The Simons Foundation, Dr. Jennifer Allen Simons, President
Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Phone: (778) 782-7778
Canadian Network to Abolish Nuclear Weapons, Bev Delong, Chairperson
Email: email@example.com Phone: (403) 282-8260
The Rideau Institute, Steven Staples, President
Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Phone: 613 565-9449 ext 24, Cell. 613-290-2695
Canadian Pugwash Group, Dr. Walter Dorn, Chair
Email: email@example.com Phone:(416) 482-6800 et 6538
Physicians for Global Survival, Dr. Nancy Covington, President
Groups endorsing this declaration:
Canadian Federation of University Women
Women¹s International League for Peace and Freedom (WILPF), section canadienne
Pacific Peace Working Group
The Canadian Section of the Women¹s International League for Peace and Freedom (WILPF)
International Physicians for Humanitarian Medicine, Geneva
The Boundary Peace Initiative
Project Ploughshares Calgary
Lawyers for Social Responsibility
Brampton Coalition for Peace and Justice
Veterans Against Nuclear Arms (VANA) ON-QUE Region
Canadian Voice of Women for Peace
World Conference of Religions for Peace Canada
Veterans against Nuclear Arms, Saskatchewan
World Federalist Movement Canada
Group of 78
Artistes pour la Paix
Science for Peace
Canadian Unitarian Council Peace Monitoring Group
Peace Watch Working Group, First Unitarian Congregation of Ottawa
Hiroshima Day Coalition
Toronto Raging Grannies
Canadian Coalition for Nuclear Responsibility
Canadian Peace Alliance