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Newsroom 2017-04-12T14:20:33+00:00

Tarja Cronberg and Sico van der Meer joint publication on Towards A Successful Non-Proliferation Treaty 2020 Conference

One of the most successful international treaties, the Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT), is under pressure. Tensions between groups of member states led to the failure of its Review Conference in 2015. Without efforts to ease these tensions, there is a serious risk that the next Review Conference in 2020 will be faced with a similar failure which could eventually lead to an erosion of the support for the treaty. This Policy Brief emphasizes the urgency of action to prevent a slow collapse of what is often called ‘the cornerstone of multilateral arms control’ and offers some options for the NPT member [...]

October 20th, 2017|

NORDIC DIVIDES IN BANNING NUCLEAR WEAPONS

NORDIC DIVIDES IN BANNING NUCLEAR WEAPONS By Tarja Cronberg     My Nordic identity has received a severe blow. I am affiliated with SIPRI, the Swedish International Peace Research Institute and was in the past the director of the corresponding Danish institute. I have been a member of the security and defense committee of the Finnish Parliament and a member of the corresponding committee of the European Parliament. In my experience the Nordic countries have been united in their search for peace and for nuclear disarmament. Today I wonder. Something very unusual happened last week.   In the United Nations [...]

October 20th, 2017|

Insecurity Shadows the Iran Deal

Tuesday 17 October 2017. The US president has spoken. In a hostile statement reminiscent of George W. Bush’s “Axis of Evil” speech president Trump has refused to certify the Iran nuclear deal, the JCPOA. The deal will now go to Congress who have until December 14th to decide whether or not to re-impose sanctions, lifted after the JCPOA’s implementation. This may not happen immediately as the president proposed certain US-defined triggers, most of which are outside the provisions of the deal. Consequently, the US will not exit the deal, at least not now, but will increase its pressure on Iran, [...]

October 20th, 2017|

CREATING NUCLEAR DIPLOMACY FOR NORTH KOREA: Lessons Learned from the Iran Nuclear Negotiations

A paper to the “International conference on nuclear disarmament issues: global and regional aspects”, 31 August to 1 September, 2017 in Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia. CREATING NUCLEAR DIPLOMACY FOR NORTH KOREA: Lessons Learned from the Iran Nuclear Negotiations. Dr. Tarja Cronberg Stockholm International Peace Research Institute, SIPRI States with nuclear weapon programs are different. Iran and North Korea differ not only in geography, history and state governance, the two state´s nuclear programs have different backgrounds and different goals. As an example, in 2003, when the US with allies intervened in Iraq, Iran and North Korea reacted in completely opposite ways. Iran made [...]

October 2nd, 2017|

NEW NUCLEAR DIVIDES

NEW NUCLEAR DIVIDES By Tarja Cronberg On July 7th, 2017 122 nations agreed to prohibit nuclear weapons. It took 72 years after their first- and only- use. In her deeply moving closing statement, Setsuko Thurlow, an atomic bomb survivor, said: ‘This is the beginning of the end of nuclear weapons’ To agree on the treaty had taken three international conferences on the catastrophic consequenses of nuclear weapons, a humanitarian pledge signed by over 100 states and a UN Open-ended Working Group to agree to start negotiations on a prohibition treaty. The treaty is above all a humanitarian achievement recognizing the [...]

July 27th, 2017|

After 72 years, nuclear weapons have been prohibited

After 72 years, nuclear weapons have been prohibited 21 July 2017 Dr Tarja Cronberg 7 July 2017 was a momentous day for disarmament and arms control. On that day, 122 states approved the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons, often called ‘the ban treaty’, at the United Nations in New York. Once 50 states have ratified the treaty, nuclear weapons will be illegal. The agreement will prohibit the possession of nuclear weapons for all states in the same way as the chemical and biological weapon conventions have prohibited those weapons for all. In the final report of the 2010 [...]

July 21st, 2017|

Douglas Roche: What the UN’s next secretary general must do to succeed, and how Canada can help

The United Nations’ new secretary general, Antonio Guterres, who will take office Jan. 1, has pinpointed his top goal: “a surge in diplomacy for peace.” With the crucible of Aleppo revealing ruptures in the international order, Guterres faces a huge challenge: can he stand up to the United States and Russia, as an earlier secretary general, U Thant, did in the Cuban missile crisis, and make the UN a decisive instrument for peace? The ramifications for Canada are enormous. Guterres, a former prime minister of Portugal and most latterly the head of the UN refugee agency, doesn’t have an army [...]

April 12th, 2017|

The challenges to a ban treaty

The nuclear weapon states (NWS) manage the current nuclear order. The five nuclear powers: China, France, Russia, the UK and the US, are the permanent members of the Security Council (P5) with veto power over any decision on threats to world peace. Furthermore, the P5 have absolute power over the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (the NPT). The treaty not only legitimizes the possession of nuclear weapons by the P5, although under the obligation to disarm, any amendments to the treaty also have to be accepted by all five nuclear states. The P5 even control non-proliferation, as proven when they, in addition [...]

February 9th, 2017|Tags: |

Hon. Tarja Cronberg to Lead MPI

The Middle Powers Initiative (MPI) is extremely pleased to announce Hon. Tarja Cronberg as its new Chair, effective immediately. Dr. Cronberg has held numerous senior positions in the Finnish government and the European Parliament, where she chaired the delegation for relations with Iran. Dr. Cronberg has also served as Finland's Minister of Labor and as Special Advisor on Nuclear Disarmament for the Finnish Institute for International Affairs. She is also a Co-President of the network of Parliamentarians for Nuclear Non-proliferation and Disarmament. In the European Parliament, Dr. Cronberg was a member of the Committees for Foreign Affairs and Security and [...]

May 13th, 2015|

The Berlin Framework Forum

Creating the Conditions and Building the Framework for a Nuclear Weapons-Free World was the title of the Berlin Framework Forum, a new initiative designed to help implement the decisions of the 2010 NPT Review Conference leading to the elimination of nuclear weapons. 26 governments, 12 parliamentarians (from Germany as well as other states), the United Nations and some of the preeminent research institutions in the field took part in the February 20-22 event. The conference was presided over by Dr. Tadatoshi Akiba, in his first public function as the Chairman of MPI, and by Ambassador Rolf Nikel, Commissioner of the [...]

February 25th, 2013|
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